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Author Guidelines

Instructions for authors


Authors should send the file of the paper they want to submit to the Editor-in-Chief, David Meghnagi <>. The file should be in Word, not PDF, and the authors should highlight with a color (e.g., yellow) the parts that refer to the identity of the author(s): their names and affiliations, phrases in the text that may reveal their identity, selected references, etc. The editorial board, of course, will check the paper in order to make sure that the authors’ identity is concealed, but authors are invited to send their papers with this work already done. The original copy will be kept by the editor, while the anonymous copy will be sent to blind reviewers.

Given the interdisciplinary nature of the journal Trauma and Memory, there are no strict rules for the editing of manuscripts, since the authors’ preferences, linked to their respective disciplines, are respected. However, the authors are recommended to follow, if possible, the publication style of the articles already published in the journal.

The References’ list is an important aspect of the editing process, and the authors are invited to follow some recommendations. Namely, the references should not be cited in footnotes but in the References’ list the end of the paper. Furthermore, in the References’ list the authors should follow, as most as they can, the style commonly used in international journals: italics should be used for books’ and journals’ titles, not for titles of articles or book chapters; the publisher’s location should come before the publisher’s name, and the year of original publication should follow (e.g.: New York: Basic Books, 1960); quotation marks – ‘single’, “double”, and «caporal» quotation marks – should never be used in the References except in case they appear in the title of articles or books; bold characters should never be used in the References, but only in titles and subtitles of the paper; underscored words should never appear; the titles of books in English must have the initial letter of each word in capital letters.

Whenever possible, the DOI codes should be added (DOI means “Digital Object Identifier”, and the DOI codes can be easily found at the web page

The following references should be taken as examples of the style of the References’ list of Trauma and Memory:

Alexander F. (1956). Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy. New York: Norton.

Bateman A. & Fonagy P. (2004). Psychotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder. Mentalization-Based Treatment. New York: Oxford University Press (Italian translation: Trattamento basato sulla mentalizzazione. Psicoterapia con il paziente borderline. Milan: Raffaello Cortina, 2006).

Benedetti G. (1989). Personal communication.

Bettelheim B. (1982). Freud and Man’s Soul. New York: Knopf (original edition: Reflections: Freud and the soul. The New Yorker, March 1, 1982: 52-93) (Italian translation: Freud e l’anima dell’uomo.Milan: Feltrinelli, 1983).

Dahl H. (1988). Frames of mind. In: Dahl, Kächele & Thomä, 1988, pp. 51-66.

Dahl H., Kächele H. & Thomä H., editors (1988). Psychoanalytic Process Research Startegies. Berlin: Springer Verlag.

Dollard J. & Miller N.E. (1950). Personality and Psychotherapy. New York: McGraw-Hill (Italian translation: Personalità e psicoterapia. Un’analisi in termini di apprendimento, pensiero e cultura. Milan: FrancoAngeli, 1975).

Eissler K.R. (1950). The “Chicago Institute of Psychoanalysis” and the sixth period of the development of psychoanalytic technique. Journal of General Psychology, 42: 103-157. DOI: 10.1080/00221309.1950.9920150 (Italian translation: Il Chicago Institute of Psychoanalysis e il sesto periodo dello sviluppo della tecnica psicoanalitica. Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, 1984, XVIII, 3: 5-33 [part I], and 4: 5-35 [part II]. Internet edition:

Freud S. (1901 [1905]). Fragment of an analysis of a case of hysteria [Dora’s case]. Standard Edition, 7: 7-124.

Freud S. (1914). On the history of the psychoanalytic movement. Standard Edition, 14: 7-66.

Freud S. & Groddeck G. (1917-34 [1970]). Briefwechsel Groddeck-Freud. Wiesbaden: Limes Verlag, 1970 (trad. it.: Carteggio Freud-Groddeck.Milan: Adelphi, 1973).

Hendrikse J.L., Parsons T. & Hallgrimsson B. (2007). Evolvability as the proper focus of evolutionary developmental biology. Evolution and Development, 9, 4: 393-401. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-142X.2007.00176.x.

Mattsson B. & Maliniemi-Piispanen S. (2013). Thinking about the unknown. An interview study of Finnish war children. Trauma and Memory, 1: 1: 34-46. DOI: 10.12869/TM2013-1-06.

Sandler J., editor (1988). Projection, Identification, Projective Identification. Madison, CT: International Universities Press (Italian translation: Proiezione, identificazione, identificazione proiettiva.Turin: Bollati Boringhieri, 1988).

Semel N. (2013). Memory’s Children. Trauma and Memory, 1, 2: 88-91. DOI: 10.12869/TM2013-2-04.

Below there are the instructions concerning two important aspects: Conflict of Interest and Informed Consent.


Conflict of Interest

Conflict of interest exists when an author (or his/her institution), referee, or editor have financial or personal relationships that inappropriately influence (bias) their actions. The potential for conflict of interest can exist whether or not an individual believes that the relationship affects his or her scientific judgment. The editor’s duty is to handle in the best possible way any conflict of interest (for example with the peer review process based on double-blind referees’ review system), and authors may be requested to sign a specific statement.


Informed Consent

The description of clinical material must be extremely careful, so that it is absolutely impossible to identify patients unless the information is essential for scientific purposes. For example, the following are items that should be changed or omitted: patients’ name or initials, cities’ or hospitals’ names, patients’ age and possibly patients’ sex, type of employment, family’s characteristics, etc. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning and editors should so note. Patients have a right to privacy, and if there is any risk that their privacy could be infringed, informed consent for publication should be signed by the patient (or parent or guardian), and in such case the patient who is possibly identifiable must see the manuscript to be published. However, informed consent is not sufficient: it is necessary that the patient swears that he or she will never reveal to anybody that the clinical material refers to him or her (otherwise there is an indirect infringement of his or her privacy, and ultimately the responsibility for this infringement belongs to the author). When informed consent has been obtained, it should be indicated in the published article. Authors should identify individuals who provide writing assistance and disclose the funding source for this assistance. 


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

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